Why Thyroid Disease Targets Young People

Why Thyroid Disease Targets Young People

Not long ago, Song Yuanli, a post-00s girl from Chongqing, underwent a thyroid nodule removal operation. It all started a year ago. Song Yuanli is usually keen on mountain climbing, but during a mountain climbing process, her heartbeat accelerated, her hands trembled, and she “felt like she was going to faint at any time.” Song Yuanli thought it was physical fatigue caused by two hours of climbing, so he didn’t pay much attention to it, but he didn’t realize that it was a precursor to hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism). The next day, while Song Yuanli was sitting on the sofa to rest, the symptoms of fast heart rate appeared again. When eating dinner, her hands were shaking so much that she couldn’t hold the chopsticks.

Only then did Song and Yuanli realize the seriousness of the problem. She first had a physical examination in Fuling District. Because of his young age, doctors did not immediately consider the possibility of hyperthyroidism. Subsequently, Song Yuanli was transferred to a tertiary hospital in Chongqing. The doctor from the endocrinology department prescribed a blood test for her. The results showed that the thyroid hormone index was abnormal, and she was finally diagnosed with thyroid nodules combined with hyperthyroidism. Facing the diagnosis result, Song Yuanli felt scared and helpless because she lacked understanding of hyperthyroidism and the information about hyperthyroidism on the Internet made her feel stressed. “I feel like I have been sentenced to life imprisonment.” Song Yuanli said.

During the treatment, Song Yuanli experienced a variety of symptoms such as irregular heartbeat and sleep disturbance, and started taking medication on the advice of the doctor. At the beginning, the treatment effect was not ideal, and the heart rate remained at a high level. After constant hospital check-ups and adjustment of medication dosage, her condition was relieved. At the same time, the mood swings and family pressure caused by hyperthyroidism made Song Yuanli’s treatment process more complicated. Song Yuanli recalled that the disease had a huge impact on her mood, making her irritable and depressed.

Two months ago, Song Yuanli habitually looked up to check his thyroid gland and found that his neck was obviously swollen and felt hard to the touch. She went to the hospital for another check-up, and the result showed: left lobe thyroid nodule—category 4. Because the swelling of the nodule had affected the respiratory tract and caused her to continue coughing, the doctor recommended surgery.

Because of his creative work, Song Yuanli used to stay up late and eat spicy food. After undergoing the operation, Song Yuanli reflected on his living habits. She decided to stick to a regular schedule and try to eat as lightly as possible. “After you get hyperthyroidism, you must be in a good mood, maintain good living habits, and never slack off.” Song Yuanli said.

Thyroid diseases are on the rise among young people. Due to the long treatment period and great impact on the quality of life of this type of disease, many young people feel anxious and worry that one day they will “come to their door”. Song Yuanli once saw the topic “Why thyroid cancer targets young people” on the hot search list. She felt the same way: “Fortunately, I have never met anyone with serious illness, but many friends of the same age have major or minor thyroid problems. .”

Have a thyroid problem?Don’t panic too much

The thyroid gland is an important endocrine gland in the human body, located in the front of the neck, near the throat. It is butterfly-shaped and consists of two “leaves” connected by a structure called the thyroid isthmus. The main function of the thyroid gland is to produce, store and release thyroid hormones. These hormones play an important role in the body’s metabolism, growth and development, nervous system function, etc.

“Thyroid nodules, hyperthyroidism (hyperthyroidism) and hypothyroidism (hypothyroidism) are more common among young people.” Zhuang Yangming, deputy chief physician of Beijing Tongrentang Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, said in an interview with reporters that the main manifestations of hyperthyroidism are a large number of Sweating, dryness, heat, palpitations, etc., while hypothyroidism presents with general weakness, edema, low blood pressure, etc. In addition to traditional thyroid diseases, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is also gaining attention. “This is an autoimmune disease that may cause abnormal thyroid function, such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.” Zhuang Yangming said.

In the past, when people talked about thyroid dysfunction, they would first think of “big neck disease” caused by iodine deficiency. Nowadays, it has become normal for young people to use electronic devices for long periods of time. Zhuang Yangming believes that, especially when exposed to electromagnetic radiation for a long time, the electromagnetic radiation from electronic devices may have adverse effects on thyroid function.

“Changes in people’s lifestyles are also one of the important reasons for the younger trend of thyroid disease.” Zhuang Yangming analyzed, “Nowadays, the fast pace of life, irregular work and rest time, unbalanced eating habits and lack of adequate physical exercise are all factors. May increase risk of thyroid disease.”

Zhou Hongyi, a post-95s girl who works in film and television, was diagnosed with thyroid nodules five years ago. “At that time, I felt a raised ‘little bump’ on my neck. I was very panicked at the time. It was only after I went to the hospital for an examination that I found out it was a thyroid nodule.” Zhou Hongyi said that although it was a benign nodule and she was reviewed on time, she still “There is a feeling of ‘waiting for death'” – ​​”Do I have to wait until it turns cancerous?”

Faced with Zhou Hongyi’s confusion, Zhuang Yangming explained: “In fact, relatively speaking, the incidence of malignant tumors of the thyroid is not that high. Due to the advancement of medical testing technology, thyroid diseases will be discovered earlier, so they are showing a trend of getting younger. . If you find that you have thyroid-related problems, you don’t need to panic.”

Regarding thyroid nodules, Zhuang Yangming recommends regular review first: benign nodules are generally reviewed once a year. If there is a tendency for malignant transformation, more frequent review is required. Women with abnormal thyroid function who are preparing for pregnancy should undergo timely examination and treatment to avoid affecting the development of the fetal nervous system.

“Secondly, during the process of dynamic observation, the nodules can be reduced or even completely eliminated through traditional Chinese medicine conditioning and local and neck acupoint application.” Zhuang Yangming introduced that traditional Chinese medicine has unique characteristics in the treatment of thyroid diseases. Advantages, especially when dealing with problems such as hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, the holistic treatment approach and individualized treatment strategies used by traditional Chinese medicine can effectively improve symptoms.

“For conditions such as hyperthyroidism, normal indicators can be restored faster and the recurrence rate of the disease can be reduced. Patients with hypothyroidism are usually accompanied by weak spleen and kidneys. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment is carried out by strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, consolidating kidney yang and other methods.” Zhuang Yangming explain.

It turns out that this is also a kind of “emotional illness”

After Huang Shan graduated from high school in 2018, he developed symptoms such as persistent fatigue, drowsiness, palpitation and insomnia. She had her heart and other organs checked successively, but no obvious problems were found. Until 2021, due to symptoms such as irregular menstruation, Huang Shan began to learn about endocrine organs, including the thyroid gland, and went to the hospital for examination. A few days later, the hospital doctor took the initiative to contact Huang Shan by phone and informed him that his thyroid index was abnormally low and recommended a review and treatment as soon as possible.

Doctors initially told Huang Shan that the condition would likely require lifelong medication. This was a huge blow to Huang Shan’s family. But after learning that her “illness” had a cause, Huang Shan said she breathed a sigh of relief and was relieved that she could control her symptoms through medication.

After receiving treatment, Huang Shan felt that his physical strength had recovered and his mental state had improved. In subsequent examinations, Huangshan’s thyroid indicators showed normal, and she stopped medication. After stopping the medication, she underwent several more tests, all of which showed normal thyroid function.

“Complex” and “elusive” are Huangshan’s evaluation of hypothyroidism, a chronic disease. Regarding the short-term abnormalities in thyroid indicators, Huang Shan speculated that it may be related to his long-term anxiety disorder. “Physical problems in turn affect the psychological state, forming a vicious cycle.” She also mentioned that in order to get high scores in the art exam, she dieted while preparing for the college entrance examination, which may have affected her metabolism, leading to hypothyroidism and other health problems.

In modern society, young people face tremendous pressure in study, work and life, and often feel anxious and nervous. “Take a step back from breast hyperplasia and tolerate ovarian cysts for a while.” Many female friends often use this sentence to remind themselves that bad emotions will have a negative impact on the body. In fact, people with severe mood swings are also easily targeted by thyroid diseases.

Zhuang Yangming said that for thyroid problems, traditional Chinese medicine generally focuses on adjusting daily routine and using traditional Chinese medicine to soothe the liver and regulate qi, activate blood circulation and remove blood stasis, resolve phlegm and clumps, and strengthen the spleen and replenish qi. “Long-term anxiety, lack of rest, and mood swings may lead to liver qi stagnation. If liver qi stagnates, problems may occur in the places where the liver meridian passes, including the eyes, thyroid, breast, and reproductive system.”

“The prevention and detection of thyroid disease is the key.” In the early screening stage, it is difficult to judge with the naked eye alone. Zhuang Yangming recommends that everyone conduct a thyroid function test every year, including blood tests and ultrasound examinations. He also reminded that emotional regulation and healthy lifestyle are very important for the prevention and treatment of thyroid disease. In daily life, we must maintain a balanced diet, moderate exercise, adequate sleep, and a positive and optimistic attitude towards life.

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