TV program. “Cash Investigation” looks at occupational illnesses, this Thursday evening on France 2

TV program.  “Cash Investigation” looks at occupational illnesses, this Thursday evening on France 2

“Sick work, sick of work. » The new investigation Cash Investigation, this Thursday, January 25 on France 2, looks at occupational illnesses, the silence around silicosis and discomfort in establishments and work assistance services (Esat). An evening in three acts, all edifying, on which the ex-ministers Olivier Dussopt (Work) and Fadila Khattabi (People with Disabilities) answer questions fromElise Lucet and its teams.

Recognition of work illness, a hassle

In its first part, Cash Investigation looks at the aberrations of obtaining recognition of a pathology as an “occupational disease”. In 10 years, 1,122,740 patients requested recognition, 442,445 were refused. Particularly because their pathology does not appear in the “tables of occupational diseases”.

These tables are decided and modified in a specialized commission with, “around the table: representatives of the unions, representatives of employers and the Ministry of Labor”, specify the journalists. “Reviewing these tables requires the approval of the bosses, and they do everything to make it as restrictive as possible. »

Because when an employee is recognized as suffering from an occupational illness, their health costs and compensation are entirely covered by the fund to which companies contribute, the ATMP (Work accident, occupational illness). And not by Social Security. If the coverage is not provided by ATMP, it is provided by Health Insurance, therefore at the expense of the taxpayer. An “astronomical” cost for Social Security. “We know that there are under-declarations,” concedes Olivier Dussopt. “Each year, when we examine the Social Security financing law, there is a transfer which is organized between the ATMP branch and the National Health Insurance Fund. »

Silica dust, an invisible poison

“Did you punch a hole in the wall?” You breathed silica dust. » The second part of the investigation concerns the consequences of this danger, often hidden from the most exposed workers. Silica dust is invisible, toxic and carcinogenic. 975,000 employees breathe it regularly, according to a study by Public Health France. Where is this silica found? In the manufacture of glass and crystal, foundries, metallurgy, the manufacture of dental prostheses, mines, quarries… But also in our concrete or chipboard walls.

The danger of silica dust was identified more than 50 years ago, among miners: “silicosis”. Incurable inflammation of the lungs. But they also cause cancer. However, even today, many construction workers are unaware of these consequences. And their employers “fail” to mention it. Or even give them truly filtering masks.

Esat, low-cost solutions that can be abused

A work assistance establishment and service (Esat) is “a structure which allows people with disabilities to exercise a professional activity while benefiting from medico-social and educational support in a protected environment”, indicates official texts. There are 1,400 in France. 120,000 people work there. However, some companies benefit not only from the tax advantages that a contract with an Esat brings them, but also from low-cost labor. Exit, according to Cash Investigationto impose untenable paces on these employees suffering from disabilities.

“That’s not the goal, there are no cadences! It’s edifying,” protests the Minister Delegate for Disabled People Fadila Khattabi. “We are not here to make numbers, we are here to support them. We must not put their health at risk. »

Cash Investigation, Thursday January 25 on France 2, at 9:10 p.m. The investigation will be followed by a debate. The show will then be available for replay.

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