These are the risks you suffer in adulthood if you have had lazy eye as a child

These are the risks you suffer in adulthood if you have had lazy eye as a child

Notice to parents. Lazy eye is a much more serious health problem than previously assumed. Research signed in the United Kingdom has revealed that children with ‘lazy eye’, a pathology that ophthalmologists know as amblyopia, have a greater risk of suffering from serious diseases during adulthood. The chances of suffering a heart attack or cardiovascular pathologies are much greater in those people who had to face this complication as children. Luckily, cardiovascular diseases are among the best known and a healthy diet and exercise are a good way to prevent them.

Amblyopia is a type of poor vision that occurs as a result of a lack of coordination between one of the eyes and the central nervous system, which is unable to recognize your vision as it should. Over time, as explained by the United States National Eye Institute in its digital service for patients, the brain becomes increasingly dependent on the stronger eye, which inevitably leads to the weaker eye’s ability to see worsen. In Spain, it is estimated that 4% of the school-age population suffers the consequences of this pathology, also known as lazy eye.

The study is published in the journal ‘Clinical Medicine’ and, in addition to being peer-reviewed (something basic in science, which consists of another scientific team analyzing the work and using the same methodology to reach the same conclusions), its conclusions are They are based on the analysis of data obtained from no less than 126,000 patients aged between 40 and 69 years. The sample, consequently, is more than large enough to trust the results of the work.

For the peace of mind of those affected and their families, the authors of the work warn that the relationship between amblyopia and cardiac complications exists, but “it is not causal.” That is to say, much less suffering or having suffered from the disease necessarily leads to having to suffer a heart attack. The risk is greater, yes. “Our research means that the average adult who had amblyopia as a child is more likely to develop these disorders than the average adult who did not have it,” explained author Professor Jugnoo Rahi, from the College’s Institute of Ophthalmology and Child Health. University of London (UCL).

The recruited patients underwent a test to find out if they had suffered from amblyopia in childhood and if they still suffered from the condition in adulthood. The researchers also asked them if they had any medical diagnosis of diabetes, high blood pressure, or cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease, such as angina, heart attack, or stroke. They found that of the 3,238 participants who had the condition as children, 82.2% continued to suffer from it into adulthood.

Value added

The data collected allowed us to conclude that the risk of suffering from diabetes if you had had lazy eye as a child was 25%, while the risk of diabetes reached 29%. The possibility of developing obesity reached, for its part, 16% of those affected. In all cases, the risk of heart attack was also high, although it is not detailed in the information disseminated with such precision.

Beyond the correlation discovered between all these pathologies, the study has valuable added interest, detailed Jugnoo Rahi. “It is rare to have a ‘marker’ in childhood that is associated with an increased risk of serious disease in adulthood, much less one that can be measured and known,” he explained.

In the consultation it is seen

Lazy eye can sometimes be difficult to diagnose. Affected children may have poor depth perception, so that they cannot clearly tell what is further away and what is closer, and their parents may not be able to tell. realize it. It is important, therefore, that they pay attention, as detailed by the specialists, to whether they squint their eyes to focus, close one of them or tilt their head excessively. If you have any suspicion, it would be best to ask the kid and if he answers positively, go to the specialist for evaluation.

Most of the time, however, cases are usually detected in pediatric consultations for eye evaluation, which are performed on children when they are between three and five years old. There are children who are born with this health problem and others who develop it later. The children most at risk of suffering from it are those who were born prematurely, with a smaller size or weight than usual, children with a family history of amblyopia, childhood cataracts or other eye conditions or with other developmental disorders.

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