Colds, also known as upper respiratory tract infections, are a common disease. Many people take self-medication when they develop cold symptoms. However, if the medication is used improperly, it will not only fail to achieve the therapeutic effect, but may also delay the best time for treatment. How to take medicine after catching a cold? The author summarizes some relevant knowledge about cold medicine and shares it with everyone.
Traditional Chinese medicine divides colds into three categories: wind-cold cold, wind-heat cold and summer-wet cold. Different types of colds have different symptoms. Wind-cold colds are mainly caused by exogenous wind-cold and mostly occur in autumn and winter. The main symptoms are runny nose, itchy throat, mild fever, etc. Wind-heat colds are mainly caused by feeling wind-heat and mostly occur in spring and summer. The main symptoms include runny nose, red and swollen throat, fever and chills. Summer cold is mostly caused by the body being stimulated by cold or heat. It is more common in summer. The main symptoms are fever, nasal congestion and runny nose, dizziness, headache, nausea and vomiting, etc. Blowing the air conditioner for a long time in summer and consuming too much cold drinks may cause summer cold. It should be noted that heat stroke and summer cold are different diseases. Heatstroke generally has fever symptoms but no cold symptoms such as nasal congestion, runny nose, or cough.
If you catch a cold, the type of cold can be determined based on the symptoms and treated accordingly. The treatment of wind-cold colds is mainly based on pungent warmth to relieve the surface and dispersing the lungs and dispersing cold. Commonly used drugs include Fenghanmao Granules, Gegen Tang Granules, Sanao Tablets, etc. In addition, patients with colds and colds can also take ginger brown sugar water, ginger shredded radish soup, etc. to dispel wind and cold. The treatment of wind-heat and cold is mainly based on clearing away heat and detoxifying, dispelling wind and heat. Commonly used drugs include Lianhua Qingwen capsules, antiviral granules, Shuanghuanglian oral liquid, etc. Patients with Shushi cold can take Huoxiang Zhengqi water, Shushining granules, Xiangju cold granules and other drugs. In addition, if cold patients have symptoms such as headache, high fever, chills, soreness and fatigue in limbs, they can use antipyretic and analgesic drugs such as compound paracetamol capsules, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen. If symptoms such as cough and sputum occur, you can also use cough syrup, Sichuan Fritillaria loquat dew, compound licorice tablets and other medicines.
After catching a cold, you must not only take medication promptly and symptomatically, but also pay attention to the dosage and ingredients of the medication. It is recommended that cold patients pay attention to the following points when taking medicine.
Do not overdose. Some patients believe that increasing the dosage or over-dosing of medications will provide better results. The recommended dosage of cold medicine is summarized through long-term clinical trials, taking into account both efficacy and safety. If you blindly increase the dose without medical guidance, side effects may occur. For example, acetaminophen, acetaminophen, ibuprofen and other drugs are generally recommended to be taken no more than 4 times in 24 hours. If you increase the dosage or frequency, it may cause nausea, vomiting and other adverse reactions.
Avoid taking multiple medications together. Cold medicines are mostly compound ingredients, usually consisting of two or more pharmaceutical ingredients. If the same ingredient is taken repeatedly, it may cause adverse reactions due to overdose and affect your health. For example, acetaminophen and ibuprofen, although they have different names, are both nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If used together, they can cause damage to the liver. Both Lianhua Qingwen Capsules and Shuanghuanglian Oral Liquid contain ingredients such as Forsythia suspensa and honeysuckle, and their combined use may damage the gastrointestinal tract.
Use antihistamines with caution. Drugs containing antihistamine and anti-allergic ingredients such as Crack, Xincontac, Vitamin C Yinqiao Tablets, and Ganmaoling will affect the central nervous system after taking them, causing drowsiness and decreased reaction ability. Cold medicines such as Anphenidate Tablets, Meprofen Tablets, Aminamine Tablets, and Chlorpheniramine Maleate can also make people feel drowsy after taking them. People who need to be highly alert, such as drivers and workers working at heights, should use these drugs with caution.
Do not use antibiotics blindly. Common antibiotic drugs include cefixime, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, amoxicillin, etc. Antibiotics can eliminate or inhibit the growth of bacteria and have strong anti-infective effects. They are generally used to treat colds caused by bacteria. If a cold is caused by a virus or other pathogen, antibiotics are not effective. In addition, excessive use of antibiotics may increase bacterial resistance, destroy the body’s normal flora, and cause side effects such as diarrhea, rashes, and nausea.
Strengthening the body’s immunity is a great way to fight off diseases. While taking drug treatment, cold patients should also pay attention to rest, drink plenty of warm water, and eat a light diet to promote body metabolism and enhance body immunity.