The eighth day of the twelfth lunar month is approaching. How to make Laba porridge more nutritious?

The eighth day of the twelfth lunar month is approaching. How to make Laba porridge more nutritious?

Entering the twelfth lunar month of the lunar calendar, in a few days it will be the Laba Festival. In northern China, there is a saying, “Children, don’t be greedy, after Laba Festival it will be the New Year.” This means that after the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month, the New Year begins. . On this day, every household starts to busy making Laba garlic and Laba porridge. Laba porridge, also known as “Seven Treasures and Five Flavors Porridge”, “Buddha Porridge”, “Everyone’s Rice”, etc., is made from food from all directions and cooked in one pot with rice, which means to gather all things together and reconcile all spirits. Laba porridge is a kind of porridge made from a variety of ingredients. Although the ingredients used to cook Laba porridge are different in different regions and different families, they all include three categories: cereals, beans, and dried fruits.

How to choose ingredients for making Laba porridge at home? Let’s talk briefly today.

1. The choice of cereals

The “Huangdi Nei Jing” once put forward the principle that “the five grains are for nourishment, the five fruits are for help, the five livestock are for benefit, and the five vegetables are for supplementation. The smell should be combined and taken to replenish lean energy”. Cereals are in the form of seeds, which are the beginning of life activities and have the most comprehensive nutrition. Common ones in the home include rice, millet, glutinous rice, sorghum, barley, etc.

Millet: Sweet in taste and cool in nature, it enters the kidney, spleen and stomach meridian. It is the first of the five grains. It has the functions of strengthening the spleen and stomach, replenishing deficiency, harmonizing the kidneys, clearing heat and quenching thirst, strengthening the stomach and inducing sleep. It is the “top grade” tonic. Millet not only contains a variety of amino acids, but also contains 2-3 times more vitamins, dietary fiber and trace elements than rice. The overall nutritional content of millet is higher than that of rice.

Purple rice: sweet in taste, warm in nature, enters the spleen and stomach meridian, has beneficial effects on qi and blood, warms the stomach, strengthens the spleen, and nourishes the liver and kidneys. Therefore, it is called “blood-tonifying rice” and “longevity rice.” Paired with millet, it can well neutralize its coolness. Purple rice is rich in amino acids, proteins, vitamins and various mineral elements such as iron and zinc that cannot be synthesized by the human body.

Oats: Sweet in nature and mild in taste, it returns to the spleen, liver and stomach meridian, and can strengthen the spleen, stomach, liver and body. Oatmeal is a low-sugar, high-protein, high-energy food, especially vitamin B, ranking first among cereals. It can stabilize blood sugar, reduce blood lipids and cholesterol, protect cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, improve human immunity, and regulate emotions.

2. Selection of beans

Soy food is a high-protein, low-fat food. It is rich in plant protein. Its protein content is as high as 30%-50%. Its physiological value is almost the same as that of meat. It is rich in 8 essential amino acids needed by the human body. Soybeans The food contains almost no cholesterol, but is rich in phospholipids and stigmasterol, which can help lower serum cholesterol. Home preparations often include beans such as soybeans, red beans, mung beans, kidney beans, and cowpeas. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that beans have a neutral nature and have the effect of resolving dampness and replenishing the spleen. The skin of beans is rich in dietary fiber, which can improve gastrointestinal function, detoxify and detoxify.

Soybean: sweet and flat in nature, returns to the spleen and stomach meridian, has the effects of strengthening the spleen and diluting dampness, moistening dryness, eliminating water, and detoxifying. The soy isoflavones contained in soybeans, also known as phytoestrogens, can make up for the lack of estrogen secretion in women over 30 years old, improve skin moisture and elasticity, relieve menopausal syndrome and improve osteoporosis.

Red beans and mung beans: They are not only rich in B vitamins, but also contain high-quality plant protein. Red beans nourish the heart, and Li Shizhen calls them the “Valley of the Heart”. They have the effects of nourishing blood and heat, strengthening the spleen and stomach; mung beans have the effects of clearing away heat and detoxifying, improving eyesight and quenching thirst, because they are rich in inorganic salts such as calcium, phosphorus, and iron. Can replenish electrolytes in the body.

3. Selection of dried fruits

Part of the dried fruits in Laba porridge can provide rich protein, vitamins, lipids, etc., and part of it can be used as a sweetener. Common dried fruits include red dates, almonds, longans, raisins, wolfberry, peanuts, lotus seeds, chestnuts, walnut kernels, ginkgo and other dried fruits.

Peanuts: Known as the “longevity fruit”, it has many functions such as moistening the lungs, harmonizing the stomach, relieving coughs, diuresis, and lowering breast milk. Peanuts are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, and their oils are not easily stored in the body and can improve cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases such as hypertension.

Walnut kernels: It has the functions of nourishing the kidneys and qi, improving intelligence and strengthening the brain, strengthening muscles and bones. It can also increase appetite and grow hair. The vitamin E contained in walnut kernels is an anti-aging drug recognized by the medical community.

Lotus seeds: It has the functions of nourishing the kidneys, nourishing the heart and calming the nerves. The heart of lotus seeds has the effect of dispelling fire. It is especially suitable for people with high work pressure.

How do people with diabetes and indigestion cook Laba porridge?

How should diabetics eat it? First, reduce the cooking time. Secondly, oats and buckwheat are used as the main ingredients, which can form viscous substances in the stomach, delay the absorption of glucose, and will not cause a sudden rise in blood sugar after a meal. Finally, reduce the type and quantity of sweeteners and dried fruits, and increase the types of beans and nuts. For example, peanuts, hazelnuts, and almonds have higher dietary fiber content and also contain unsaturated fatty acids that can regulate and lower blood lipids. Even chestnuts, lotus seeds, etc., which contain more starch, have dietary fiber content of 1.2%-3%, and their glycemic index is much lower than that of refined rice noodles. Through this combination, we “sugar people” can also drink delicious Laba porridge.

If you have indigestion, on the contrary, you need to thicken the Laba porridge slightly to avoid oily porridge. Porridge oil is actually the layer of thick liquid that floats on the surface of porridge when it is repeatedly boiled. It is also called rice oil. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that porridge oil is sweet in taste and mild in nature, and its nourishing effect is better than that of rehmannia glutinosa. If you can drink a bowl of rice porridge every day, a thin person will become fatter and whiter in less than a hundred days. Secondly, you need to reduce your legume intake to avoid bloating.

Therefore, when making Laba porridge, special attention should be paid to the selection of ingredients, especially ingredients with therapeutic effects should be added according to physical conditions.

Text/Xiong Ying (Attending Physician at Beijing Gulou Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital)

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