2023Year1October 29 is the 18th World Stroke Day. The Cerebrovascular Disease Group of the Neurology Branch of the Chinese Medical Association has set the theme of this year’s World Stroke Day as “Act Together to Defeat Stroke.” The Chinese Stroke Society has released this year’s promotional theme and slogan It’s “Stroke: Prevention is the key.”
Stroke is the number one cause of death and disability among residents in our country, commonly known as“Stroke” has the “five highs” characteristics of high incidence, high disability rate, high mortality, high recurrence rate and high economic burden, and has become the number one cause of premature death and disease burden in our country.The incidence of stroke in my country is high in the north and low in the south, and the time distribution has obvious seasonal characteristics. Therefore, in addition to traditional risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia, meteorological factors may be potential risk factors for stroke that cannot be ignored.
Professor Li Xin from the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University led his team to cooperate with the Tianjin Meteorological Bureau for more than ten years, using the intersection of medicine, meteorology, environment and other disciplines to explore the impact of meteorological factors on the incidence and prognosis of ischemic stroke in the elderly and found that Temperature changes are related to the incidence of stroke, especially during cold waves and heat waves, which increase the incidence and mortality of stroke.The relationship between more than 700,000 high blood pressure outpatient prescriptions and seasonal and temperature distribution found that the number of high blood pressure prescriptions increases in March and November when the monthly temperature difference is large, suggesting high blood pressure.blood pressure, especially blood pressure fluctuationsMay be related to temperature changes.Further studies on blood pressure fluctuations in patients with hypertension and stroke have shown that patient blood pressure levels and blood pressure fluctuations are related to changes in temperature, and are more significant in the elderly. Blood pressure fluctuations caused by temperature increase the risk of stroke in patients with hypertension. Therefore, patients with hypertension should strengthen blood pressure monitoring during seasonal changes or large changes in temperature, and promptly adjust treatment according to blood pressure fluctuations, which can help reduce the risk of stroke. Research by Professor Li Xin’s team also found that there are seasonal changes in blood sugar, and blood sugar levels are higher in winter. Therefore, people with risk factors for stroke, especially patients with diabetes, should strengthen blood sugar monitoring in winter and adjust hypoglycemic treatment according to blood sugar levels in a timely manner. program to maintain blood sugar stability.Exposure to heat or cold waves may affect your bodyplateletsand coagulation function,thispossiblealsoare extreme temperaturesCauses of stroke.In addition to extreme temperatures, rapid changes in temperature can also increase the risk of stroke. During the Cold Dew solar term, which is a period of large daily temperature changes, the number of hospitalizations for stroke increases significantly during this period.
In order to better serve the people’s health with research results,In February 2021, the Tianjin Municipal Science and Technology Bureau approved six units including the Tianjin Meteorological Bureau and the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University to jointly establish the “Tianjin Health Meteorology Cross-Innovation Center”. This is the first cross-innovation center in Tianjin and the first such cross-innovation center in the country. The first cross-innovation center in the field, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University and the Tianjin Meteorological Bureau are dual director units. “Tianjin Health Meteorology Cross-Innovation Center” and Tianjin Meteorological ObservatoryThe first orange warning for meteorological risk of stroke was issued on November 5, 2021. Once the warning was broadcast, it received widespread attention and praise from the society..Released so farCold wave stroke meteorological risk warning10times, among whichorange alert3 times,yellow alert7 times, with an audience of more than 40 million peoplethe average number of hospitalizations per day dropped after the warning5.2%-11.9%.
As the climate becomes warmer and temperatures rise, attention should be paid to the impact of high temperature and heat waves on people’s health, especially the elderly who are susceptible to the effects of hot weather and people with chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes.On June 21, 2023, the “Tianjin Health Meteorology Cross-Innovation Center” and the Tianjin Meteorological Observatory issued an orange warning for the meteorological risk of stroke due to high temperatures in summer in Tianjin, and put forward health protection suggestions. Many media reprinted it, attracting widespread attention from the media and experts. .So far, a total of meteorological risks of stroke caused by high temperatures in summer have been released.early warning3 times, includingorange alert1 time,yellow alert2 times, with an audience of about 12 million people.This project cold wave and summerTotal audience of seasonal high temperature stroke meteorological risk warningMore than 52 million patients have been treated, reducing the incidence of ischemic stroke in the elderly and reducing the economic burden on society and families.
The weather is getting colder now, and cold waves occur frequently in our city in autumn and winter.“Tianjin Health Meteorology Interdisciplinary Innovation Center”Meteorological risk warnings for stroke will continue to be issued.Professor Li Xin reminded the general public, especially those at high risk of stroke, to reduce outdoor activities during the warning period, strengthen protection, and pay attention to keeping warm and cold; arrange exercise time reasonably to avoid cold periods in the morning and evening; eat properly and reduce the intake of high-cholesterol foods (such as Pork liver, pig heart, crab roe, eggs, etc.), eat more high-fiber foods (such as corn, wheat, cabbage, etc.); follow the doctor’s instructions and take medicine regularly, and strengthen monitoring of blood pressure, blood sugar, blood lipids and other indicators, if there is large fluctuation or poor control If you have any symptoms such as slurred speech, crooked mouth and eyes, limb weakness, numbness, unsteady walking, severe headache, disturbance of consciousness, etc., it is recommended to call the emergency hotline immediately.“120″, seek medical treatment promptly.
In the first18On the occasion of World Stroke Day,10moon27Tianjin City40The two hospitals will continue to jointly carry out online free clinic consultation activities, and at the same time10moon27On the morning of the same day, an on-site consultation event will be held at the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, where we will provide you with information about stroke, treatment and preventive medication, etc. Citizens and patients are welcome to actively participate in the online meeting and on-site consultation.