Recently, students across the country have begun to usher in the winter vacation. While enjoying the holidays, health awareness cannot take a “vacation”. Zhang Feng, chief physician of the Children’s Health Center of Beijing Children’s Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University, recently reminded when he was a guest on People’s Good Doctor client popular science program that parents should pay attention to mental health, reasonable diet, adequate exercise, disease prevention, etc. Schools and parents should Play a guiding and supervisory role to ensure that children have a happy and healthy holiday.
During most of the holidays, children are resting alone at home. Zhang Feng believes that the long-term lack of social activities and necessary communication can easily lead to small fluctuations in mental health. “While children are doing homework and surfing the Internet at home, they should also participate in housework activities, and invite good friends to carry out outdoor activities, so as to make their holiday life rich and fulfilling in a way that combines movement and stillness.”
In terms of daily routine and diet, children during the holidays may go to bed late and get up late, making it difficult to eat three meals normally. Zhang Feng pointed out the adverse effects caused by this: “Irregular work and rest will disrupt the rhythm of meals and may cause Intestinal dysfunction. In addition, if snacks are used instead of normal meals, there will be a lack of and uneven nutritional intake, which will affect growth and development.” She suggested that parents should arrange their children’s life rhythms and still eat on time and eat on time during the holidays. Sleep, moderate exercise, and three meals a day are guaranteed to contain high-quality protein, vitamins, dietary fiber, carbohydrates and other rich elements, so that children can have a balanced intake of various nutrients.
“Being able to eat but also moving is very important to achieve a balance between eating and moving. Even in the cold winter, you must have enough and moderate exercise.” Considering that the human body is less flexible when the weather is cold, Zhang Feng recommended cycling, Running, walking, football, basketball and other sports, you can also go hiking when the weather is fine. “Remember to warm up before exercising, choose appropriate clothing and equipment, dry sweat in time and wear clothes after exercise to avoid catching a cold.”
Winter is the season of high incidence of respiratory infectious diseases, and fever is a common health problem among children. Zhang Feng used 38.5 degrees as the body temperature node and proposed a variety of cooling methods according to different fever levels: “If the child’s body temperature is between 37.3 degrees and 38.5 degrees, physical cooling is mainly used to help the child reduce the fever. Apply a heat patch to the forehead or use an ice pack to pillow the back of the head to lower the head temperature and prevent children from having febrile convulsions; ice packs can also be placed on the thighs, because there are many blood vessels flowing through the thighs, and placing ice packs here can be effective Cool the blood; you can also wipe the child’s body with warm water, the water temperature is 3-5 degrees lower than the body temperature. If the body temperature is higher than 38.5 degrees, especially accompanied by non-specific symptoms such as vomiting, myalgia, diarrhea, etc., it is recommended that parents take care of their children Go to the hospital for treatment, identify the cause and focus, and take targeted antipyretics.”
For children who are still young, unable to act autonomously or have difficulty accurately expressing their physical discomfort, Zhang Feng reminds parents to pay more attention to their children’s mental state. If they suffer from listlessness or loss of appetite due to fever, they should use a thermometer to confirm. “For infants and young children, daily temperature monitoring is one of the important ways to help parents keep track of their children’s health status. Temperature testing can generally be carried out in the morning, noon, and night. Common temperature measurement methods include axillary temperature measurement, To measure rectal temperature and oral temperature, commonly used temperature measurement tools include mercury column thermometers, electronic thermometers, ear thermometers and forehead thermometers.” If a child is sweating or has trouble staying still due to body movements, she suggests using an ear thermometer in the correct way, which is less affected by the external environment, and can reflect changes in body temperature relatively accurately and quickly.
To make infant care more convenient, Zhang Feng suggested that parents use smart thermometers that are more user-friendly. “The temperature regulation center function of infants and young children has not yet fully matured, and the body temperature fluctuations are more obvious than that of adults. It is more common for children to have their body temperature rise at night. However, children are not comfortable with temperature measurement at night. They turn on the light to measure the temperature or the sound of the temperature measurement is loud. It will disturb children’s sleep. At this time, parents can also consider smart temperature measurement tools such as ear thermometers to make nighttime temperature measurement more efficient and convenient.”
“On the premise of improving one’s own immunity and doing a good job in disease prevention, we must regularly open windows for ventilation, wash hands frequently, maintain adequate sleep and exercise, and build a healthy wall for children in many aspects.” Zhang Feng said.