Keep these five points in mind to stay away from glaucoma

Keep these five points in mind to stay away from glaucoma

Don’t think that glaucoma is far away from you. Excessive use of your eyes for a long time and looking at mobile phones in dark environments will increase the risk of glaucoma. Today, experts from the Chronic Disease Institute of the Beijing Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are here to help you understand the risk factors and prevention methods of this “sight killer”.

Be alert if these symptoms appear

Glaucoma is the world’s first irreversible blinding eye disease. It is an optic nerve disease characterized by optic nerve damage, visual field loss and retinal ganglion cell apoptosis. Glaucoma can occur at any age, and its prevalence tends to increase with age, eventually leading to visual impairment or even blindness. It is an important factor that seriously threatens visual health and quality of life.

Glaucoma is often called a latent “sight killer.” In the early stages of glaucoma, symptoms such as eye swelling and pain, blurred vision, decreased vision, visual field defects, dry eyes, nausea and vomiting may occur. However, there are also many patients whose symptoms are not obvious and often difficult to attract attention. When the disease reaches an advanced stage, It is difficult to completely cure. Therefore, early detection, early diagnosis, and early treatment are particularly important.

More than one or two risk factors

The following factors will increase the risk of glaucoma. Check yourself quickly. People who have been “named” should follow the doctor’s advice to have regular eye examinations.

1. Age

Among people over 40 years old, one in every 200 people has glaucoma; among people over 80 years old, this proportion increases to one in every eight people.

2. Family history

People with a family history of glaucoma are ten times more likely to develop glaucoma than those without a family history of glaucoma.

3. High myopia

Myopia greater than 600 degrees increases the risk of glaucoma.

4. Eye health problems

High intraocular pressure, shallow anterior chamber, large cup-to-disk ratio, or a history of eye trauma, cataracts, etc. were found during the physical examination.

5. Other chronic diseases

Hypertension, diabetes, retinal arteriovenous occlusion and ischemic fundus disease can cause chronic ischemia of the optic papilla, increase the risk of optic nerve damage, and increase the risk of glaucoma.

Five tips to keep “killers” away from you

According to disease control experts, although glaucoma is an incurable eye disease, by taking appropriate preventive and health care measures, we can reduce the risk of glaucoma and protect vision.

1. Regular eye examinations

Eye examinations such as intraocular pressure measurement, visual field examination, and optic nerve examination can help detect signs of glaucoma early and provide prompt treatment. Generally speaking, before the age of 40, eye examinations can be performed every 2 to 4 years; between the ages of 40 and 60, eye examinations can be performed every 2 to 3 years; after the age of 60, eye examinations should be performed every 1 to 2 years Eye examination.

2. Strengthen physical exercise

Proper physical exercise can keep the body healthy. Exercise helps blood circulation, reduces fundus blood stasis, helps the smooth circulation of aqueous humor, and reduces intraocular pressure.

3. Use eyes rationally

Excessive eye use for a long time and looking at mobile phones in dark environments will increase the risk of glaucoma. Pay attention to taking timely rest and perform eye relaxation exercises to reduce eye fatigue. Whether it is physical work or mental work, overexertion of the body can easily cause intraocular pressure to fluctuate, so we must pay attention to the rules of life, balance work with rest, and avoid overwork.

4. Healthy eating

Overeating, eating and drinking can increase intraocular pressure and induce glaucoma. Pay attention to dietary rules and make reasonable combinations. People with constipation often experience increased intraocular pressure when defecating, so they should develop the habit of defecating regularly and eat more fresh vegetables and fruits.

5. Maintain a happy mood

Anger, irritability, mental stimulation, restless sleep and insomnia can easily increase intraocular pressure and induce glaucoma. Therefore, we should pay attention to reducing the psychological pressure in life and work, keep a calm mind and a happy mood, and don’t be anxious about trivial household chores.

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