It can manifest itself from young people to adulthood. Those who suffer from it seem to live in their own time. The relationship with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
There are people who have difficulty keeping up with the speed to which events follow one another, a condition that can create many difficulties in various areas, from sociality to learning. This happens above all when a certain threshold is exceeded, beyond which what is now called could take shape cognitive detachment syndrome (cognitive disengagement syndrome). A disorder that can occur at a young age and persist even into adulthood, characterized by a detachment of attention from the surrounding world, with a consequent cognitive effort aimed at trying to maintain the ability to process reality.
The person often appears estranged, not very mobile from a physical point of view, she is engaged in mental activities of fantasy, and those who observe her have the sensation that she is a little confused, wrapped in a kind of cognitive fog, withdrawn or drowsy. as if these people lived in their own time that is unable to follow the general current of events. Today, as the name of the syndrome indicates, specialists prefer to underline the aspects of cognitive detachment rather than those of the different perception of the passage of time, so much so that it has been proposed to abandon the previous name entirely: slow cognitive tempo syndrome (sluggish cognitive time). The new name was proposed by a study group, led by Stephen Becker of the University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, who carried out a review of the scientific literature on the topic, published in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.
The relationship with ADHD
There is a relationship between this syndrome and the best known attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (indicated by the acronym ADHD, from the English Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), which in Italy affects approximately 2% of children, especially males. Two thirds of them will carry the disorder into adulthood. Epidemiological studies indicate that symptoms of cognitive detachment syndrome are present in between 25 and 40% of young people suffering from ADHD, a percentage that reaches 46% among adults with ADHD in the form without hyperactivity. In fact, of ADHD
there are two formsone with hyperactivity and psychomotor restlessness and one without.
Children who suffer from this disorder have difficulty staying still, appear very easily distracted and therefore are unable to concentrate sufficiently on the tasks they have to carry out. They tend to get distracted when listening to someone talk and always seem impatient, all symptoms that make learning activities difficult. To this picture, in forms with hyperactivity they can be added irascibility and impulsiveness
especially in boys, which makes them problematic even at school.
Slow cognitive time syndrome
The term slow cognitive time syndrome was coined in the 1980s by a student at the University of Georgia, to emphasize the aspects of cognitive slowing that these kids showed, for its use it raised criticism from the families of those who were diagnosed, because that term slow, or indolent appeared denigrating. Today the syndrome, with the new name that has been proposed, continues to be the subject of study and research, however it is not part of the disorders cataloged in Dsm-5, the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
There is often a delay in the onset of speech
Learning difficulties are one of the most evident consequences in children who suffer from cognitive detachment syndrome. Two population-based observational studies indicate that children suffering from this syndrome are more likely to receive a diagnosis of significant delay in the onset of the syndrome. language (11-19%), reading disability (6-14%), writing disability (11%) say the authors of the research published in Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Often parents also report that these children have problems related to the dream-wake rhythm, with a lot of daytime sleepiness. At a young age, poor quality sleep also occurs, with daytime drowsiness. The scholastic and academic performances of these children tend to be below those of their peers, especially with regard to some subjects, especially those which, like mathematics, require a significant effort of concentration.
Hypotheses on the causes: family predisposition and environmental factors
Some studies on twins and their families seem to indicate that cognitive detachment syndrome may have a basis genetics and therefore be more easily found within family groupings. However, they also exist environmental causes or contributory causes which could play a role, such as the abuse of alcohol you hate cigarette smoke by the mother during pregnancy. The possible weight of were also reported important head trauma
of children, or a deficiency in iron intake. But they are essentially hypotheses, which have not yet been confirmed. These are elements that suggest, more than anything, possible research directions on the causes of this disorder and its possible associations, say the authors of the study. It’s about results waiting to be replicatedtherefore there is a need to continue working in the research sector.
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February 11, 2024 (modified February 11, 2024 | 07:47)
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