The Spring Festival holiday is coming, and both adults and children are getting a chance to take a break from the busy schedule of work and study, but they can’t help but scroll through their phones and play with their tablets. How to take care of eye health during the Spring Festival holiday? Chen Yueguo, chief physician of the Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University Third Hospital, and Yu Shuo, chief physician of the Department of Ophthalmology, Peking University Third Hospital, give the following tips:
Use your eyes to avoid continuity at close range, three “20” will help you
If you indulge in the use of electronic products at close range for a long time, it will increase the burden on the eyes. Teenagers and children may increase myopia, and adults may also suffer from symptoms such as dry eyes and fatigue. You can use the “20-20-20” principle to rest your eyes from time to time – after every 20 minutes of close use, rest for 20 seconds, and use these 20 seconds to look 20 feet (6 meters away) to relieve eye strain. The long-term contraction of the inner ciliary muscles avoids spasm, while blinking the eyes, promoting the meibomian glands in the eyelids to secrete oil to the ocular surface, keeping the ocular surface moist and healthy.
Visiting gardens, admiring flowers, visiting temple fairs, great opportunities for outdoor activities
Outdoor activities are very important to prevent the occurrence of myopia in children and to control the development of myopia in children who already have myopia. Scientific clinical experiments have demonstrated that outdoor activities for more than 2 hours a day can effectively reduce the incidence of myopia in adolescents and children and the increase in the degree of myopia. When going to school, children are busy with their studies and often find it difficult to meet the standard of 2 hours of outdoor activities per day. It is a good time to take advantage of the winter vacation and Chinese New Year to participate in more outdoor exercises and various annual activities, which can not only experience the traditional Chinese culture, but also prevent and control the epidemic. Shortsighted. If the elderly are active outdoors for a long time and the sun is strong and dazzling, they can wear sunglasses to reduce the stimulation of the lens by ultraviolet rays and delay the occurrence and development of senile cataracts.
Stay around the fire and chat about household chores, turn on the lights and brighten the day
On New Year’s Eve, every household reunites and stays up late, waiting for the ringing of the New Year’s bell. When everyone is talking around the fire or watching the Spring Festival Gala, you must turn on the lights in the living room to maintain adequate lighting. If you stay in a dark environment for a long time, your pupils will dilate. Some middle-aged and elderly people with shallow anterior chambers and potential glaucoma risks may be induced to develop acute angle-closure glaucoma, so you must try to stay in a relatively bright environment. In addition, coldness, emotional excitement, and drinking a lot of water at one time are also triggers of glaucoma attacks. Therefore, you should be careful not to overeat and maintain a peaceful mind during New Year dinners. For children, a bright environment is also helpful in preventing and controlling myopia.
Supplement nutrition, eat less sugar, and have a balanced diet to be healthier
Long-term intake of large amounts of sugar is not conducive to the prevention and control of myopia. Of course, there is no need to talk about sugar discoloration. During the Chinese New Year, eating some candies will not cause immediate vision loss in children. It is also important to keep children in a happy mood, as long as they are controlled not to consume too much sugar. At the same time, a balanced diet to ensure the intake of various vitamins and minerals is good for general and eye health. In addition, regarding the claim that supplementing a large amount of lutein can prevent and control myopia, there are currently no studies that have confirmed that lutein can effectively inhibit the occurrence and development of myopia. However, the elderly can appropriately supplement lutein to prevent age-related macular degeneration. Patients with underlying diseases such as diabetes and hypertension should pay more attention to their diet during the Chinese New Year to prevent eye complications such as diabetic retinopathy from worsening.
Fireworks and firecrackers add to the joy, remember not to get too close
Many regions and families have the custom of setting off fireworks and firecrackers during the Spring Festival to celebrate and bid farewell to the old and welcome the new. It should be noted that every year, the emergency departments of major ophthalmology centers receive many patients whose eyes were injured by fireworks and firecrackers, and the injuries are often serious, and some patients even lose their eyeballs forever. Therefore, fireworks and firecrackers must be purchased from regular licensed manufacturers, set off at designated locations, and stay away immediately after lighting the fuse. In addition to paying attention to the fireworks you set off, you should also pay attention to the behavior of people around you to prevent being affected.
If problems arise, stay calm and seek medical advice promptly.
If you have symptoms of eye diseases during the Chinese New Year, such as significant vision loss, eye pain that cannot be relieved for a long time, trauma, etc., do not force yourself to endure it or deal with it yourself. You must go to the hospital in time.