The National Health Commission held a press conference on February 4, inviting relevant experts to introduce the prevention and treatment of winter respiratory diseases and health tips. Mi Feng, spokesperson of the National Health Commission, said that recently, my country’s COVID-19 epidemic has been fluctuating at a low level, and the number of influenza and Mycoplasma pneumoniae infections has dropped; the outpatient and emergency respiratory disease diagnosis and treatment of secondary and above medical institutions across the country continues to remain stable.
“Currently, the COVID-19 epidemic in China is still prevalent at a low level, but recent monitoring data such as case reports and sentinel hospital test positivity rates have increased slightly, suggesting that the COVID-19 epidemic is on the rise.” Chen Cao, a researcher at the Institute of Viral Diseases of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said that currently , the JN.1 mutant strain of the new coronavirus has become the dominant epidemic strain among local cases in China.
Monitoring data shows that my country’s acute respiratory disease situation has declined in the past three weeks. Among them, influenza is showing a downward trend, but it is still the main pathogen of respiratory disease infections, and other respiratory diseases are at a lower level. Experts have judged that my country will continue to experience alternating or co-epidemic trends of multiple respiratory diseases in February, among which influenza is expected to drop to a low level around the Spring Festival.
It is now the peak time for people to return home before the Spring Festival. From January 26 to February 3, the average daily cross-regional movement of people across society exceeded 190 million people. The public’s travel demand is strong, and transportation operations are generally stable and orderly.
“We strictly clean, disinfect, and ventilate passenger terminals and transportation service areas to ensure that epidemic prevention and control measures are in place.” Gao Bo, deputy director of the Transportation Services Department of the Ministry of Transport, said that in terms of passenger transportation organization, The transportation department has minimized the gathering of passengers in stations and reduced the risk of cross-infection by increasing operating frequency, extending operating hours, opening more entrances and exits and security check channels, and notifying in advance in case of delays.
“All localities must strengthen on-duty duty, maintain a state of emergency preparedness, and coordinate and dispatch medical and health resources and professional forces; the ‘120’ emergency hotline must be kept open 24 hours a day, and emergency transportation must be carried out; fever clinics in secondary hospitals and primary medical and health institutions and Clinics should be opened as fully as possible and equipped with strong medical capabilities.” Mi Feng said that key departments such as emergency department, pediatrics, and respiratory department should have clear green channels, ensure medical services during the holidays, and protect the elderly, children, pregnant women, Patients with chronic basic diseases and other key groups are provided to meet the people’s medical and emergency needs.
During the Spring Festival, how do community health service agencies carry out medical treatment work? In response, Zhu Lan, chief physician of the general practice at Xietu Street Community Health Service Center in Xuhui District, Shanghai, responded that community health service centers should do a solid job in medical diagnosis and treatment services, disease monitoring and early warning, and health management of key groups in the community.
In response to the recent widespread low-temperature, rainy, snowy and freezing weather in central and eastern my country, Mi Feng reminded that people should pay attention to weather changes when traveling, take precautions against cold and keep warm, and patients with basic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes should bring commonly used medicines.
“If residents develop a sudden illness during the Spring Festival, they can contact the community health service center as soon as possible. Residents who have signed a contract can also directly contact their family doctor and seek medical treatment in a timely manner under the guidance of the service center and family doctor. The community can also provide a green channel for first aid. .” Zhulan said.
During the Spring Festival, visiting relatives and friends and having dinner parties are unavoidable. How to eat healthily during the festival?
“As much as possible, try or follow the principle of not eating enough. Emphasize that every meal is 70% or 80% full, and avoid overeating.” Yu Kang, director of the Clinical Nutrition Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, suggested not to drink a large amount of highly potent alcoholic drinks. If you must If you want to drink it, it is best to choose low-alcohol fruit wine, and the total amount per day should be controlled within 150 ml. “It should be noted that when drinking, avoid ingesting a large amount of non-staple food at the same time. Also avoid drinking on an empty stomach, as this may cause gastrointestinal discomfort or fluctuations in blood sugar.”
“Big fish and big meat damage the spleen and stomach, causing food stagnation. Food stagnation turns into fire, which often causes abdominal distension, stomach distension, dry mouth, bitter mouth and other discomforts. At this time, we need to digest food, clear the stomach fire, and strengthen the spleen. You can use Hawthorn Pills , Jianpixiaozhi tablets and other Chinese patent medicines for digestion and stomach strengthening.” Zhang Zhongde, director of the Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said that at home, you can use malt and hawthorn to boil water for drinking, or you can boil some tangerine peel, ginger, and chicken gizzard to give water to your children. , the elderly and adults drink it to achieve the effect of digestion.