How do women protect their eyes? Experts give “tips”

How do women protect their eyes? Experts give “tips”

Due to differences in physiological structure, living and working habits, in some cases, women will face more sub-health conditions and diseases. In the eyes of ophthalmologists, what eye diseases do women need to pay special attention to?

Yang Fan, the attending physician at the Shanghai Eye Disease Prevention and Treatment Center (Shanghai Eye Hospital), said on the 8th that allergic conjunctivitis, chronic dacryocystitis, dry eye syndrome, and angle-closure glaucoma are more likely to “find” women; women should also be careful about suffering from the disease Pregnancy-related eye diseases.

Yang Fan told reporters that allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic inflammation caused by the interaction between external allergens and the eyes. The disease is more likely to occur in spring due to unstable temperature changes and the beginning of pollen flying. At the same time, women who use cosmetics for a long time are prone to allergic conjunctivitis caused by foreign matter entering their eyes.

Chronic dacryocystitis is a chronic disease caused by stenosis or obstruction of the nasolacrimal duct, which prevents tear drainage. This is a relatively common ocular surface disease, which is manifested by tearing and increased eye secretions, especially when the root of the nose and inner corners of the eyes are pressed. Yang Fan explained that because women’s nasolacrimal ducts are naturally narrower than men’s, the disease has a higher incidence rate in middle-aged and elderly women.

Dry eye syndrome is caused by changes in the quality or quantity of tear secretion or abnormal tear dynamics. Typical symptoms include dry eyes, foreign body sensation, red eyes, stinging eyes, decreased vision, etc. In addition to using electronic products for too long and lack of rest, for women, wearing eye makeup such as eyeliner or mascara for a long time, incorrectly wearing contact lenses (contact lenses), and some “double eyelid” surgeries can cause damage to the eyelids. Injury to the lamellar glands can lead to the occurrence of dry eye syndrome. In addition, as age increases and after menopause, changes in the expression of female sex hormone levels will also aggravate the symptoms of dry eye syndrome.

The pathogenesis of angle-closure glaucoma is: the angle of the anterior chamber of the eyeball is narrowed or closed, and the aqueous humor circulation is blocked, which increases the intraocular pressure. The increased intraocular pressure will further compress the optic nerve tissue of the fundus, resulting in decreased vision or even It’s blindness. Because women are born with smaller eyeballs, the space in the anterior chamber is compressed, and women are more likely to suffer from angle-closure glaucoma.

Yang Fan told reporters that during pregnancy, a series of corresponding changes will occur in a pregnant woman’s systemic condition, such as the endocrine system, blood system, immune system, etc., which may also affect the anterior segment and fundus. If blood sugar or blood pressure is not well managed during pregnancy, or if blood pressure or blood sugar levels are out of control due to pregnancy-related diseases, vascular disease in the fundus may occur, such as diabetic retinopathy or hypertensive retinopathy. The expert pointed out that patients with this type of fundus disease will experience symptoms such as vision loss, visual distortion, and visual field defects. If not treated in time, it may lead to permanent vision loss or even blindness.

Yang Fan emphasized that for women with high myopia, it is best to conduct a detailed fundus examination before pregnancy, because the eye axis of highly myopic eyes is generally longer, which will increase the probability of holes or degeneration of the retinal tissue in the fundus. If it is not treated in time, the abdominal pressure will increase during childbirth, and the eyes will be stressed when exerting force, which may cause the outbreak of early undetected retinal risks, such as retinal detachment, etc. Therefore, if you find danger during pregnancy preparation Retinal holes or retinal degeneration areas should be actively treated to ensure smooth production.

How do women protect their eyes? Yang Fan suggested that women should try to reduce eye makeup or wear eye makeup for a long time. When wearing eyeliner, try to avoid wearing “inner eyeliner” that damages the microenvironment of the eyelid margin. Try to avoid eyeliner tattoos and minimize the frequency of eyelash transplants. These behaviors can all be done. Protect the ocular surface environment from damage.

This expert hopes that women should try to reduce the wearing of contact lenses (commonly known as “contact lenses”, “color contact lenses”, etc.). If they really need to use them, they should choose products with qualified quality from regular manufacturers; they should also pay attention to hand hygiene when using them to prevent The occurrence of eye infection, in addition, the use time of ordinary contact lenses should be avoided for more than 8 hours.

Yang Fan said that if eye discomfort occurs, patients should go to a regular medical institution and try to avoid random use of drugs, especially antibiotics and hormone drugs. Drug abuse may not only lead to eye drug resistance, but may also interfere with the doctor’s judgment of the disease and delay treatment.

In addition, the expert recommended that women undergo comprehensive eye examinations regularly. Eye examinations from the anterior segment to the posterior segment can diagnose and intervene in the early stages of the disease. For patients with high myopia, annual fundus examinations can intervene in the early stages of the disease, thereby reducing the probability of serious eye diseases such as retinal detachment.

Source link