The temperature drops sharply in winter, and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases enter a period of high incidence. Recently, Mr. Li, a citizen, suddenly developed chest tightness and shortness of breath. After going to Dongguan Huangjiang Hospital for treatment, it was discovered that his heart had suffered a large area of myocardial infarction. After a series of rescue operations by the cardiovascular department of the hospital, he was able to turn his life around.
No coincidence. Not long ago, after getting up, Mr. Liu, who was in his 70s, suddenly developed symptoms such as dizziness, limb weakness, and the inability to move half of his limbs. When he was sent to Dongguan People’s Hospital, he had lost some consciousness. Through examination, the medical staff found that he had suffered from acute cerebral infarction, and immediately performed cerebral angiography and basilar artery thrombectomy to alleviate his condition.
Why are cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases more likely to occur in cold weather? How can cardiovascular and cerebrovascular patients survive the winter safely? Li Daqiang, chief physician of the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine at Dongguan People’s Hospital, said that in winter, when the temperature drops suddenly, the human body’s blood vessels may contract and the blood vessel walls will narrow, causing the blood flow to slow down. For middle-aged and elderly people, due to aging and the gradual deterioration of body functions, their blood vessel elasticity decreases, and they are more likely to experience increased blood pressure and insufficient blood supply to the brain and heart, thus inducing cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases refer to diseases involving the heart and cerebrovascular vessels. They are usually caused by disorders such as dyslipidemia, blood viscosity, atherosclerosis, and hypertension. They can lead to ischemia or hemorrhagic disease in the heart, brain, and systemic tissues. disease. This type of disease is characterized by high prevalence, high disability and high mortality. Even with the most advanced and complete treatments, more than half of survivors of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents are still unable to fully take care of themselves.
It is understood that as many as 15 million people die from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases worldwide every year, ranking first among various causes of death. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the health status of patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in winter. To ensure that patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, especially middle-aged and elderly people, spend the winter safely, it is crucial to take the following measures:
Avoid strenuous exercise. In winter, when temperatures are low, blood vessels constrict, and strenuous exercise may increase the burden on the heart. If you experience symptoms such as chest pain, dizziness, or difficulty breathing, you should stop exercising immediately and seek medical help.
Stay emotionally stable. Maintain an optimistic attitude, actively regulate emotions, and avoid cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents caused by excessive anger or excitement.
Eat wisely. When taking supplements in winter, you should avoid blindly ingesting highly nutritious foods, but maintain a reasonable dietary structure to ensure balanced nutrition. Too much high-fat, high-calorie food may burden blood vessels and lead to obesity and other health problems.
Take your medications on time and monitor your health. Adhere to taking medicine on time and in the right amount, and conduct regular health monitoring. This ensures that your physical condition is controlled promptly and effectively.
Pay attention to keeping warm and cold. The body’s metabolic rate gradually slows down in autumn and winter, and the body’s immunity is also relatively weakened. Various bacteria and viruses can easily “take advantage of the weakness”, leading to a high incidence of respiratory diseases such as colds and chronic bronchitis. The occurrence and aggravation of these respiratory diseases will significantly increase the burden on the heart.
Other precautions include: when getting up, you should get up slowly and avoid exerting too much force, especially in the early morning when blood pressure is high; you should also stand up slowly after defecation to avoid blood pressure fluctuations caused by sudden changes in body position; in addition , do not bathe too frequently, and the water temperature should be appropriate. (Text/Yao Ziting)