Headache Attacks: Can Wind Be Responsible?

Headache Attacks: Can Wind Be Responsible?

OfMaria Clara Tonini

Advice: in the presence of symptoms that announce the arrival of a change or atmospheric events, take the usual therapy preventively and promptly

Is there a link between headaches and strong winds? It often happens to me that the pain appears in conjunction with drafts.

He replies Maria Clara Toninihead of the Headache Diagnosis and Treatment Centre, Clinica S. Carlo, Paderno Dugnano (GO TO THE FORUM)

It has been known for a long time the correlation between meteorological phenomena and the onset of migraines. It has been shown that variations in barometric or air pressure during a thunderstorm – when warm and cold air mix -, low temperatures, high relative humidity in seasonal changes represent an important “trigger” in triggering attacks, causing an increase in their frequency. The wind, its speed and direction also represent a triggering factor. In particular warm winds such as the sirocco or the «chinook» – feared by Canadians because it is capable of making more than 30 cm of snow disappear in one day – increase the possibility of triggering an attack, particularly at speeds greater than 38 km per hour.

Serotonin concentrations

Don’t forget how the arrival of a storm makes migraines worse due to the combination of changes in temperature, humidity, barometric pressure, wind speed and the presence of lightning that generate electromagnetic fields capable of increasing the frequency of attacks by 31%. An interesting fact is the demonstration that the concentrations of serotonin, a neurotransmitter implicated in the etiopathogenesis of migraine, are conditioned by the relationship between positive ions and negative ions in the air to atmospheric changes. It is postulated that serotonin increases when a meteorological disturbance arrives and returns to normal levels when the weather improves, causing a “serotonin irritation syndrome” responsible for the attacks.

Take the therapy immediately

Not only that: the brain produces more serotonin in summer than in winter, suggesting that weather fluctuations can influence the progress of migraine attacks through its neurotransmitters in particular seasons of the year. The advice is, in the presence of prodromal symptoms that announce the arrival of a change or atmospheric events, take the usual therapy preventively and promptly. It has recently been highlighted that the levels of Cgrp (peptide related to the calcitonin gene) in the blood – responsible for triggering the migraine attack – increase with the decrease in oxygenation (hypoxia). The drop in barometric pressure during rainy and windy days causes hypoxia in the air, with a possible increase in Cgrp and triggering a migraine attack.

March 30, 2024


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