Cervical cancer, caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), is known as the fourth most common type of cancer in women worldwide. The symptoms are not always obvious, as in other cancers.
Research shows that at least 2 out of every 100 women get cervical cancer at some point in their lives. So, what are the symptoms of cervical cancer and when should you go to the doctor?
Experts explained that cervical cancer may not cause any symptoms or the symptoms may not be obvious.
The most common symptoms of cervical cancer are listed as unusual vaginal bleeding after menopause, after sex or between regular menstrual periods, changes in vaginal discharge, pain-discomfort during sex, and unexplained pain in the lower back or pelvis.
IT’S PROCEEDING VERY SLOWLY
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is very common in humans and usually goes away on its own without causing any problems.
However, sometimes it causes changes in the cervical cells that can turn into cervical cancer. On average this happens gradually, usually over five to 20 years.
Other risk factors include smoking, a weakened immune system, taking birth control pills, and an estrogen drug given to some pregnant women from 1938 to 1971.
Approximately 51 percent of patients diagnosed with cervical cancer survive for ten years or longer.
Cervical screening samples are being examined for high-risk HPV. If the virus is found, the sample is re-examined for cell changes. If there is no cell change, the patient is invited back for cervical screening a year later to ensure that HPV has been cleared.
Women with high-risk HPV and cell changes also undergo colposcopy, which involves using a microscope to look at the cervix in more detail.