From medicines to treatments: all the remedies if your hair falls out

From medicines to treatments: all the remedies if your hair falls out


Hair loss is one of the main concerns for men regarding their hair health, but also for women. And each time more. According to the data collected in the report of the National Association of Perfumery and Cosmetics (STANPA), in our country alone we spend almost 1.7 billion euros a year on care products, which include shampoos, masks, conditioners, ampoules, brushes… Added to this expenditure is the fact that we increasingly resort to specific medications and treatments to prevent hair loss, a common reason for consultation in pharmacies and dermatological clinics.

«Generally, our hair falls out because there is something that does not allow the root to function well and its way of protecting itself is by slowing its growth. When these falls are greater than normal, they are called telogen effluvium and can be very overwhelming for the person who suffers from them, although they are not usually serious. To have a reference, let’s say that it is normal to lose between 100 and 150 hairs when we wash our head, but we have to keep in mind that this loss is cumulative. That is, if we go two days without washing our hair, on the third we will lose 450. If we still have doubts, it is best to consult with a specialist, since by making a good diagnosis, treating the cause and stimulating its growth, we can improve and a lot,” explains Dr. Claudia Bernárdez, expert in trichology and author of the book ‘The hair care bible’ (Ed. Zenith). These are some remedies not only to stop but also to treat hair loss.

Medicines

One of the drugs most recommended by dermatologists to stimulate hair growth and prevent the dreaded loss of volume is minoxidil. This medication, which can be taken both orally (pills) and topically (lotion), is prescribed for both men and women, although the concentration of the formula varies depending on the needs of each person. The side effects described are rare and range from local reactions in cases of hypersensitivity to this drug, which is prescribed only by prescription, to the appearance of hair in the facial area.

«One of the main concerns of patients who take oral minoxidil is whether it is a medication for life because it is true that its effect depends directly on its intake and, in many cases, this implies uninterrupted treatment. Now, you cannot stop taking it overnight because it can cause short-term worsening. The interruption must be gradual and always supervised by a specialist,” explains Dr. David Saceda, trichologist at the Pedro Jaén Group.

A curiosity. «Almost all medications for alopecia are used off-label. That is, they are drugs that were used for other diseases but it was seen that they helped hair growth,” reveals Dr. Bernárdez. Minoxidil, for example, was a medicine that was taken to treat high blood pressure, but since in some patients it had the adverse effect of hair growth, it is now also formulated to stimulate hair growth.

Nutricosmetics

Another of the most popular – and very fashionable – options to prevent hair loss is called nutricosmetics. Pills, ampoules and drinkable formulas are advertised every day in the media and social networks as the definitive solution to looking great hair. But do they really work? “Well, it depends on the formula and the cause of hair loss,” experts agree. Even so, they insist that we should not expect miracles from this type of products. “They usually work in cases of temporary falls, but for severe losses they fall short,” they add.

“I like that they have assets against the decline we face,” says pharmacist Yaiza Bouzas. And she gives several examples. If we are referring to a loss due to stress, the pills or blisters should include “anti-inflammatory and de-stressing active ingredients.” If it is due to poor diet, “vitamins”, while if the cause is due to a hormonal process, it is interesting to resort to active ingredients such as biotin, adds the dermopharmacy expert, also known on social networks as Gutbrainskin.

Medical-aesthetic treatments

To ensure that “the hair root cells function optimally, it is not always necessary to take medications.” These are some of the medical-aesthetic treatments that also help stop hair loss.

Mesotherapy: «This technique consists of injecting the medication deep into the root. If the substance to be infiltrated is chosen well (vitamins, growth factors, exosomes, antiandrogens…), it is a very effective treatment. Now, if you are going to have mesotherapy, always ask for the ingredients. You must know what substances your treatment includes because the word mesotherapy only denotes the technique,” advises Dr. Bernárdez.

Microneedling: It is one of the treatments that have proven most effective in stimulating hair. “It consists of performing hundreds of micropunctures with special devices on the scalp in a superficial and controlled manner.”

Laser: “Regeneration treatments are having an important impact on hair treatments by stimulating hair growth in a gentle and natural way,” insists the author of ‘The Hair Bible’.



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