Female genital mutilation, 3 million minors at risk every year – WWN

Female genital mutilation, 3 million minors at risk every year – WWN

The P-ACT project aims to contribute to strengthening the prevention and fight against this form of gender violence

The Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) are procedures that consist ofpartial or total removal of the female external genitalia in pubescent or pre-pubertal girls, on the basis of social, sanitary, hygienic and ritual needs which are different among the various populations.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has classified FGM as four main types:
Type 1: partial or complete removal of the clitoris and/or its foreskin;
Type 2: partial or complete removal of the clitoris and labia minora, with or without removal of the labia majora (excision);
Type 3: infibulation, which involves narrowing the vaginal opening, with or without removal of the clitoris;
Type 4: All other harmful procedures undertaken for non-medical reasons such as puncture, puncture, incision, curettage and cauterization.

TO immediate disturbances which pain, edema, hemorrhagesthey can follow long-term effects which alter the functioning of the urinary system, the physiological progression of childbirth, prevent normal sexual relations and have serious psychological consequences on the victims.

It is estimated that 3 million minors every year are at risk of being subjected to this real torture.

In our country
a 2019 survey (Milan-Bicocca University) found that, as of January 2018, 87,600 women had been subjected to this practice (7,600 minors), with a further 4,600 considered at risk.
Another one EIGE survey (European Institute for Gender Equality) has estimated that in Italy, out of just over 76,000 young people between 0 and 18 years of age, 15-24% are at risk of FGM.

THE higher rates among girls and women aged between 15 and 49 years were found in Somalia (98%), Guinea (96%), Djibouti (93%) and Egypt (91%), although in some countries such as Kenya, Burkina Faso and Ethiopia the phenomenon appears to be decreasing. In other countries, such as Uganda and Cameroon, quite rare, affecting only 1% of women and girls.

On a legislative level,
is equipped with an instrument, the Law no. 7/2006 (Provisions concerning the prevention and prohibition of FGM practices), but his implementation so far, result very poor.
For this reason AMREFin collaboration with the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (FAMI), launched the P-ACT projectwith the aim of contributing to strengthen the prevention and fight against this form of gender violence through training actions, interaction with the communities involved, awareness-raising and dissemination of knowledge of the phenomenon, especially among those health workers who have frequent and close contact with families, establishing intimate relationships with them and are, therefore, among those who can most easily intercept risk situations and work to prevent them.

* Professor of general and specialist pediatrics – Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart
UOSD Director of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Women’s and Children’s Health Sciences and Public Health, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Gemelli IRCCS

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February 6, 2024 (modified February 6, 2024 | 5:56 pm)

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