“The number of outpatient and emergency respiratory disease diagnoses and treatments in medical institutions across the country this week has increased compared with last week.” At a press conference held by the National Health Commission on December 28, the spokesperson and Publicity Department of the National Health Commission Deputy Director Mi Feng reminded that with the New Year’s Day holiday approaching, the movement of people will increase, and activities such as visiting relatives and friends, traveling, gatherings and dinners will increase, which will increase the risk of respiratory disease transmission.
What are the current trends in the prevalence of different pathogens? How to spend the New Year’s Day holiday healthily? How should key groups such as “the elderly and the young” strengthen their protection? Experts gave relevant suggestions.
“The current domestic epidemic of COVID-19 is at a low level, and the JN.1 strain accounts for a low proportion, but it is on an upward trend and may gradually develop into a domestic epidemic strain.” Peng Zhibin, director of the Respiratory Infectious Diseases Division of the Infectious Disease Management Division of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, said, WHO Organizational assessment suggests that JN.1 has enhanced transmissibility and immune evasion capabilities, but there is no evidence to suggest that it has enhanced pathogenicity.
Peng Zhibin said that as the New Year’s Day and Spring Festival holidays are approaching and the Spring Festival Transport is about to begin, the flow of people will increase significantly. It is expected that my country’s new crown epidemic may rebound to a certain extent. Vulnerable groups such as the elderly and patients with chronic underlying diseases are at increased risk of severe illness and death. The medical service system in rural areas with relatively weak treatment capabilities may be under pressure and needs to be prepared in advance. The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention will also conduct follow-up monitoring, early warning and risk assessment in a timely manner.
“Judging from the monitoring results, the pathogens of respiratory diseases are mainly influenza viruses, and most provinces have reached a peak and begun to decline. Mycoplasma pneumoniae, adenovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, new coronavirus, etc. are showing low-level fluctuations.” Peng Zhibin said that indoor Public places and transportation vehicles are usually closed and crowded, and are key places for the prevention and control of respiratory infectious diseases. People should wear masks and take protective measures when traveling during public holidays, and it is recommended to get vaccinated in time.
Regarding the diet during the festival, Yu Kang, director of the Clinical Nutrition Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, reminded that the festival diet is indeed special, but the public, especially the elderly, should try to keep it as consistent as usual, pay attention to nutrition, and especially keep the food diverse and balanced. Qi Wensheng, director of the emergency department of Guang’anmen Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, gave some tips on dietary therapy. For example, those with yang deficiency can make soup with ginger or boil water to drink. People with yin deficiency can eat angelica, wolfberry, lily, tremella, etc. to adjust their physical constitution.
Wang Quan, chief physician of Beijing Children’s Hospital, reminds parents to prepare as many sets of clothes as possible when taking their children out to play in preparation for additions or removals. Once it gets wet, it should be replaced in time, because the sweat on the cotton fabric is difficult to evaporate in a short time, and the child will be particularly cold and may even catch a cold.
Ji Xunming, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and chief physician of the Stroke Center of Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, reminded that cold causes vasoconstriction and increased blood viscosity, which can lead to increased blood pressure, blood pressure fluctuations and other physiological changes, which may lead to myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, etc. occur. Therefore, the elderly, patients with heart disease, patients with cerebrovascular disease, and people with high blood pressure should strengthen protection, keep warm, avoid overexertion, and especially avoid staying outdoors for a long time in cold weather.