Don’t forget to wear goggles when you go out with red and itchy eyes!

Don’t forget to wear goggles when you go out with red and itchy eyes!


A pair of red and itchy eyes has almost become a “standard feature” for people with allergies in spring. So, what should you do when allergic conjunctivitis attacks?

Rubbing your eyes for a long time may lead to blindness

Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is a type of allergic disease that occurs most frequently in spring. The most common symptoms are red and itchy eyes. First of all, I want to remind everyone that if you have itchy eyes, rubbing your eyes frequently is definitely not a good way to relieve the symptoms.

Long-term eye rubbing is a risk factor for keratoconus, a type of blinding disease. Therefore, if your eyes feel itchy, just rubbing your eyes to relieve the symptoms is a bad habit that everyone must give up! Seeking medical attention promptly can help you relieve your symptoms quickly.

 Avoid peak pollen concentrations when going out

Friends who have had eye allergy symptoms in spring in the past are advised to go out less in spring and try to avoid contact with allergens, such as plant pollen. If you need to go out, you can check the pollen concentration forecast in advance. It is best not to go out in the morning and evening when pollen concentration is higher.

In addition, it is recommended to wear goggles when going out to provide physical isolation. If possible, you can wear a more protective sealing lens to achieve better protection.

People with advanced allergies can take medication half a month in advance

From the perspective of pathogenesis, allergic symptoms are mainly caused by the release of large amounts of histamine substances from mast cells degranulation. Therefore, it is recommended to use mast cell stabilizer eye drops, such as cromoglycate sodium eye drops, Yanli Double Eye Drops, etc.; at the same time, use antihistamine eye drops, such as Emedin Eye Drops; in addition, You can also use double-action anti-allergic eye drops, such as olopatadine eye drops, azelastine eye drops, etc.

It is worth mentioning that the auxiliary use of artificial tear eye drops can also dilute ocular inflammatory factors and comfort the ocular surface.

Patients who know their usual disease cycle are recommended to start using mast cell stabilizers half a month in advance. Using azelastine hydrochloride eye drops or double-action anti-allergic eye drops (twice a day) can play a certain role in preventing the onset of allergic diseases. For example, the disease used to start at the end of March every year, but this year you can start using mast cell stabilizers or double-action anti-allergic eye drops from mid-March.

If the symptoms are not relieved after self-medication for a period of time, it is recommended to go to the hospital for treatment.

Patients with moderate to severe allergic diseases or other types of allergic conjunctivitis such as spring catarrhal keratoconjunctivitis, perennial allergic conjunctivitis, etc. For these patients, in addition to the basic medications mentioned above, after detailed examination and evaluation, ophthalmologists will generally add medications such as glucocorticoid eye drops and immunosuppressant eye drops as needed. Note that these drugs must be used according to medical advice to ensure they are effective and safe.

Text/Xiao Gege (Peking University Third Hospital)

Focus on

Reduce going out or avoid going out during times when pollen concentration is high. It is recommended to wear goggles when going out.

Old allergy patients who are familiar with regular medication are recommended to take medication half a month in advance.

Patients with moderate to severe allergic diseases must use drugs under the supervision of a doctor and in accordance with the doctor’s instructions.



Source link