Does obesity-prone physique really exist? How much weight can you lose in a month?Experts’ detailed explanation

Does obesity-prone physique really exist? How much weight can you lose in a month?Experts’ detailed explanation

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In recent days, topics such as #weightloss## Diet meal# have been on the hot searches many times. Many netizens have complained that they have a “fat-prone physique” and it is difficult to lose weight. In this regard, Liu Yang, deputy chief physician of the General Surgery Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University, called for a rational view of obesity and not to be overly anxious, let alone blindly choose weight loss methods that affect your health.

“Obesity is affected by two major factors, one is genetic factors and the other is lifestyle factors.” Liu Yang analyzed that if one parent is obese, the probability of a child inheriting obesity is 32%-33.6%. If both parents are obese, The probability of a child inheriting obesity is 50%-60%. In addition to genetic factors, other factors that can cause obesity are collectively called lifestyle factors.

Liu Yang said that people with a relatively high basal metabolic rate burn more fat than others and are less likely to gain weight. On the contrary, people with a relatively low basal metabolic rate are more likely to become obese and can also be considered to have a body prone to obesity.

Multiple surveys and studies have shown that there are more than 200 co-existing diseases related to obesity. “For people who are prone to obesity, the key to weight loss is to reduce intake and increase consumption.” Liu Yang gave an example. If a person’s weight is compared to a reservoir, the daily energy intake is It is like a water injection pipe, and the energy consumed by metabolism is like a water outlet pipe. If you put in too much and put out too little, you will become fat; if you put in too little and put out too much, you will become thin.

“For most people, the focus is on adjusting their diet, and it does not require them to completely eliminate carbohydrates.” Liu Yang said that the Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents recommend that the caloric intake of macronutrients in the diet of adults aged 18-60 should account for the total daily caloric intake. The proportion of caloric intake is: carbohydrates 50%-65%, fat 20%-30%, and protein 10%-15%. People who need to lose weight can appropriately increase the proportion of protein intake and correspondingly reduce the proportion of carbohydrate and fat intake within the above range.

Liu Yang said that increasing consumption can be divided into two aspects: adjusting basal metabolic rate and increasing exercise consumption. Objective factors such as gender, age, height and genes can affect the body’s basal metabolic rate. In addition, changes in weight and body composition can also affect basal metabolism. “The higher the weight, especially the higher the muscle content, the higher the body’s basal metabolic rate will be, so increasing consumption ultimately depends on scientific exercise.”

On a certain social platform, reporters found more than 27 million notes about weight loss. “In fact, there is currently no definite conclusion in the academic community on the speed of weight loss, that is, how many pounds should be lost per month, and there are even different views on the expected effects of different weight loss methods.” Liu Yang said, if you consider medical treatment To lose weight, you need to consult a weight loss-related doctor or expert, and be cautious about weight loss drugs, liposuction surgeries, etc. You must not blindly pursue weight loss and ignore your physical health.

“Weight loss serves health. The entire process requires scientific exercise and diet based on one’s own circumstances and on the basis that it will not cause physical damage or discomfort. This time process can be appropriately extended, but the key point is to persevere.” Liu Yang emphasized .

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