Dietary Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: Pay Attention to These Foods When Eating

Dietary Guidelines for Chronic Kidney Disease Patients: Pay Attention to These Foods When Eating

[ad_1]

The kidney is an important metabolic organ of the human body. Chronic kidney disease refers to kidney disease that causes abnormal kidney structure or function for more than 3 months due to various reasons. Common causes include chronic glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome, diabetic nephropathy, etc. Chronic kidney disease gradually progresses into chronic renal insufficiency and even renal failure. The disease has a long course, many complications, and seriously endangers health. Improper diet can also contribute to the development of chronic kidney disease. Following these dietary guidelines can help slow the progression of kidney disease:

1. Avoid foods high in salt

Patients with chronic kidney disease often suffer from high blood pressure and edema. Controlling salt intake can help maintain blood pressure at target and reduce edema. It is recommended that patients with chronic kidney disease should have a daily salt intake of less than 5g, and patients with edema should have a daily salt intake of less than 3g. Be wary of highly processed foods with high salt content, such as smoked meat, barbecue, pickled foods, etc. At the same time, soy sauce, monosodium glutamate, chicken essence, and various seasonings also contain high amounts of salt. You can use vinegar, pepper, chili, etc. for seasoning.

2. Avoid high-fat foods

Patients with chronic kidney disease often have lipid metabolism disorders and are prone to hyperlipidemia. They should avoid eating high-fat foods, such as fried foods, fatty meats, animal offal, etc. At the same time, you should also control the intake of cooking oil and choose healthy cooking methods, such as steaming, boiling, stewing, etc.

3. Pay attention to protein intake

Protein is an important substance for maintaining human life activities, but excessive protein intake will increase the burden on the kidneys of patients with chronic kidney disease and accelerate the progression of the disease. Therefore, patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease or kidney disease with large amounts of protein in their urine should pay attention to a low-protein diet. It is recommended to eat high-quality protein, such as animal protein, soybeans, and soy products. Among animal proteins, it is recommended to eat white meat, such as fish and muscle, and red meat, such as pork, beef, mutton, etc. as much as possible. It is recommended that eggs should not exceed 1 per day and milk should not exceed 300ml.

4. Appropriate amounts of fruits and vegetables

Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber, which are very important for patients with chronic kidney disease. However, vegetables and fruits contain high amounts of water and potassium. When patients with kidney disease experience edema and hyperkalemia, they need to carefully control their intake.

5. Control potassium intake

Decreased renal function leads to reduced potassium excretion, and patients with chronic kidney disease are prone to hyperkalemia. High-potassium foods include fruits such as bananas and oranges, dark green leafy vegetables, mushrooms, and low-sodium salts. Patients with kidney disease should appropriately reduce the intake of these foods in their diet. It is recommended to blanch vegetables and discard the soup before eating.

 6. Limit phosphorus intake

Patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease often suffer from hyperphosphatemia. Hyperphosphatemia not only affects bone health but may also worsen kidney damage. An important treatment for hyperphosphatemia is to control the intake of high-phosphate foods. Such as liver, nut whole grains, sesame paste, kelp and seaweed. At the same time, avoid excessive intake of phosphorus-containing additives and condiments. By properly combining foods, controlling intake, and following doctor’s recommendations, patients with chronic kidney disease can effectively control their condition, reduce the burden on their kidneys, and improve their quality of life.

[ad_2]

Source link