(Kuala Lumpur News) The standard and latest treatment for breast cancer includes biomarkers, estrogen-positive breast cancer, estrogen therapy such as Tamoxifen or Aromatase Inhibitor , AI), those are standard treatments; recently CDK-46 inhibitors such as palbociclib have been approved and have improved survival in breast cancer patients.
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is becoming increasingly important, especially in locally advanced breast cancer, to shrink the tumor before surgery, making it easier to remove, and to help assess the tumor’s responsiveness to chemotherapy. Targeted therapy is also one of the new drugs that has revolutionized breast cancer treatment and is very effective in treating BRCA gene mutations.
New minimally invasive technology improves recovery rate
Associate Professor Xue Meihong, Consultant of the Breast and Oncology Plastic Surgery Department of UM, pointed out that at present, surgery is still the main treatment method for breast cancer. The latest generation of minimally invasive techniques, such as laparoscopy and robot-assisted surgery, can improve the recovery rate and reduce scars.
“After breast plastic surgery removes the cancer, the breast can be reconstructed and combined again, which can have very good results for the patient.”
Talking about revolutionary surgery for breast cancer.
“Breast surgery has evolved significantly in recent years, including oncoplastic breast surgery, breast-conserving surgery, which utilizes our latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap (Latissimus Dorsi Flap – LD Flap) on the back, abdominal Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flap–TRAM Flap, and free rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap (Free TRAM Flap) are used for immediate breast reconstruction, a hybrid technique that combines fat from LD or dorsal muscles , these innovations improve survivability and reshape the landscape of breast cancer treatment. Breast plastic surgery removes tumors and seamlessly integrates them with the principles of plastic surgery, shifting the focus from tumor removal to achieving optimal cosmetic results.”
In contrast to traditional breast-conserving surgeries, which often leave patients with defects, plastic surgery involves reshaping and reconstructing the breasts to promote a positive body image, she said. This approach not only addresses the physical issues of breast cancer but also significantly improves patients’ self-esteem.
“Under certain circumstances, surgeons can preserve most of the breast tissue while performing tumor removal. This technique would have been previously considered unfeasible. As medical advances allow women to effectively treat breast cancer while Maintaining other natural beauty and functions greatly reduces the psychological impact of breast cancer and helps improve body image and self-confidence after surgery.”
Immediate breast reconstruction with machine removal
As for 3D mammography (3D Endoscopic), what are the benefits of mastectomy?
“This is a minimally invasive surgery that uses advanced imaging knowledge and professional instruments to minimize the trauma of breast tissue removal, improve the accuracy of the surgery, and reduce post-operative pain and recovery time.”
And what are the big developments in da Vinci or robotic mastectomy, and immediate reconstruction? She said that robotic mastectomy represents the pinnacle of minimally invasive breast surgery. It uses a machine to remove breast tissue for instant reconstruction, reducing scars and discomfort, shortening hospitalization time, and accelerating recovery. Can return to normal life faster.
As for the benefits of traditional Chinese medicine in the adjuvant treatment of breast cancer? Xue Meihong pointed out that breast cancer is one of the most common cancers among women in the world. Traditional treatment methods, such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, etc., bring many painful side effects to women and also affect the patient’s quality of life.
“In recent years,
Traditional Chinese medicine has been increasingly used to alleviate these side effects and improve overall recovery from breast cancer.
Therefore, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)
As an adjuvant treatment for breast cancer,
There has been a new revelation,
including the use of medicinal plants,
Mineral products, etc. to deal with health problems.
Traditional Chinese medicine methods have the following benefits. They can relieve the side effects of chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can cause some nausea or vomiting in patients. Some traditional Chinese medicines, such as ginger and licorice root, can help nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy. “
Acupuncture helps patients reduce pain
There are some Chinese medicines that can help patients, strengthen the immune system, and enhance the body’s resistance to cancer cells; there are also some Chinese medicines that can also reduce pain and inflammation, have analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, and can deal with cancer-related pain. and inflammation.
“Acupuncture is another important component of traditional Chinese medicine treatment of breast cancer. It involves the insertion of fine needles at specific points on the body to stimulate the flow of Qi. Acupuncture is increasingly considered an important part of breast cancer care. It is a valuable aid, because breast cancer treatment causes some pain, and patients who have undergone surgery may have particularly painful wounds, while some may not be so severe, all of which depend on individual factors.”
Acupuncture can help patients with pain management; it can also reduce nausea and vomiting as well as reduce stress and anxiety, improve sleep patterns, and enhance our immune function.
Chinese medicine strengthens the body and expels evil spirits
Strengthen physical fitness and reduce side effects
In the treatment of breast cancer, Western medicine mainly focuses on surgery, combined with radiotherapy, chemotherapy, molecular targeted therapy, endocrine therapy, etc. With the continuous advancement of breast cancer treatment technology, the treatment effect is also constantly improving. The cooperation between traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine should How to proceed?
Dr. Zhang Jiaxuan, consultant of the Oncology Department of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine, pointed out that traditional Chinese medicine assists western medicine to make patients more comfortable during the recovery process. How does traditional Chinese medicine understand breast cancer? Because how can we talk about treatment if we don’t know each other? In fact, breast cancer has been recorded in ancient Chinese medicine books thousands of years ago, and is called breast cancer and breast cancer. Traditional Chinese medicine treatment emphasizes dialectical treatment. In today’s terms, it is individualized treatment.
Cancer cells regenerate due to physical problems
Traditional Chinese medicine believes that everyone has his own unique constitution. The so-called constitution refers to the human body. Due to the influence of various innate and acquired factors, each person’s organs, meridians, qi and blood, yin and yang, and kidney failure are all different.
If we use seeds and soil to describe cancer cells and the human body, and the seeds are cancer cells and the soil is the human body, then when the seeds grow, they must be related to the soil. Only when there is something wrong with the soil can the seeds grow. That is to say, when there is a problem in the body or constitution, including changes in the local microenvironment, immunity, and genetics, cancer cells will be activated and then grow.
Many patients often ask Zhang Jiaxuan, after completing Western medicine treatment, will the cancer recur? He asked rhetorically, if all the weed seeds are removed but there are still problems with the soil, is it possible that hibernating or dormant seeds will grow in the soil?
Nausea and diarrhea after chemotherapy
“If the constitution does not change, the problem is likely to reappear according to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine. When treating breast cancer, traditional Chinese medicine will strengthen the body and exorcise evil spirits. Strengthening is to lift the body’s righteousness. This righteousness is the body’s resistance to disease and self-regulation. Ability; as for the qi evil part, remove the evil. We know that chemotherapy drugs are heat poisons, and radiotherapy is fire evil or heat evil, so many patients drink coconut water after radiotherapy and chemotherapy because the body is too hot.”
He said that traditional Chinese medicine has a way to get rid of this evil. Traditional Chinese medicine improves systemic symptoms through dialectical treatment, allows post-operative patients to improve their physical condition, reduce the toxin reactions of radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and improve the quality of life.
After breast cancer patients undergo surgery, due to the dissection of axillary lymph nodes, the affected side is prone to edema and pain. Traditional Chinese medicine will use the method of dredging blood, activating collaterals and draining water to improve it. Some patients have weak spleen and stomach and insufficient qi and blood after surgery. They can see that they People often complain of abdominal discomfort, no appetite to eat, fatigue, shortness of breath, etc. At this time, Chinese medicine can regulate the spleen and stomach. Patients after chemotherapy usually have gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc., or have There will be adverse reactions such as neurotoxicity and so on. Traditional Chinese medicine regulates Qi and relieves the above reactions by harmonizing the stomach and lowering ni.
Mediate symptoms of decreased yin and yang qi and blood
Some patients will develop radiation dermatitis, skin pain and burning, etc. after radiotherapy. Traditional Chinese medicine will use the method of clearing away heat, detoxifying, replenishing qi and nourishing the liver. Some patients even have lung damage. They will have dry mouth, thirst, and dry cough but no phlegm. Traditional Chinese medicine Then use the method of nourishing yin, releasing fire and detoxifying; another common method is endocrine therapy. During endocrine therapy, patients will suffer from menstrual irregularities, upset, insomnia, hot flashes, sweating, they are easily angry, depressed, etc., which is similar to menopause. Syndrome, traditional Chinese medicine can reduce the above symptoms by mediating the patient’s yin and yang qi and blood.
“TCM can very well cooperate with Western medicine to help breast cancer patients recover.”